Green tea has fast become the miracle drink, with studies showing it can do everything from preventing cancer to reducing blood pressure. But what about the caffeine content? Is it bad for you? Is there even any caffeine in green tea?
These are the questions we’re going to answer in our guide to caffeine in green tea.
Does Green Tea Have Caffeine?
Green tea isn’t caffeine free. It’s made from the same leaves as black tea, white tea(see the differences with green tea), oolong and all other tea types from the Camellia sinensis plant (the tea plant). These leaves naturally contain caffeine, so unless your green tea has been completely decaffeinated, it will always contain a low level of caffeine.
Even though green tea isn’t caffeine-free, you can still drink it at any time of day – which some people do as part of a diet or simply because they love. The caffeine in green tea is incredibly low and most people who are accustomed to drinking high-caffeine black tea and coffee won’t notice any caffeine effects when drinking green tea.
While green tea has a lot less caffeine when you compare a cup of green tea to a cup of black tea (find our caffeine comparison chart below), it’s still enough to keep you up at night if you are extremely sensitive to caffeine.
How Much Caffeine in Green Tea?
The exact amount depends on the green tea type. Gyokuro, a fine Japanese green tea, contains a higher level of caffeine compared to a Japanese Sencha or Chinese Dragonwell.
On average, 100ml of a standard green tea will contain 12mg of caffeine according to USDA. A standard mug size (8oz) of green tea will contain about 30mg of caffeine.
You might have heard that green tea contains more caffeine than coffee – that’s simply not true. We do know that tea leaves have more caffeine than coffee grounds before they’re infused with water, but when it comes to the actual green tea and coffee that we consume, the caffeine levels are far lower in a green tea than in a cup of coffee.
Caffeine Levels in Different Green Tea Types
Chinese green tea has typically less caffeine than Japanese, simply because the pan-roasting and firing method of fixing green tea deactivates more caffeine than steaming them.
There’s also more caffeine in the tips and buds of the tea plant, while the slightly larger leaves lower down on the tea plant contain less caffeine.
Green teas like our Zhuyeqing are high-caffeine (for a green tea) as they consist of only the bud and top 2 adjacent leaves. The shape and glossy color of the buds and leaves are why It’s known as bamboo leaf tea.
Other known high-caffeine green teas include Japanese Gyokuro and Matcha. Even these high-caffeine green teas won’t have as much caffeine as black tea.
Known low-caffeine green tea types include Japanese Houjicha and Genmaicha. Chinese gunpowder style tea can also be low-caffeine, as it’s made from slightly larger leaves with less caffeine that are rolled into pellet shapes.
Caffeine in Green Tea vs Black Tea vs Coffee
The amount of caffeine between different tea types and coffee types varies drastically. Use our table below to discover the average amount of caffeine in each of these tea and coffee drinks. White tea or green tea is a great, low-caffeine drink to have in the evenings. It’s also quite interesting to see that on average, a Pu’er tea (a fermented type of tea that you can read more about in our Guide to Tea Types) contains as much caffeine as an instant coffee!
|Beverage||Caffeine per 100ml||Caffeine per Average Serving|
|White Tea||6mg||15mg (8oz)|
|Green Tea||12mg||30mg (8oz)|
|Black Tea||20mg||50mg (8oz)|
|Pu’er Tea (Black)||25mg||60mg (8oz)|
|Instant Coffee||25mg||60mg (8oz)|
|Fresh Ground Coffee (Drip)||40mg||95mg (8oz)|
For the drinkers who don’t know, espresso is a small shot of highly concentrated coffee that forms the base of many coffee drinks, including a latte, Americano, and cappuccino. All these drinks have the same amount of espresso; thus they have the same amount of caffeine regardless of the milk/water ratios and how they’re prepared.
We’ve missed Oolong out of our table because this tea type can be as light as a green tea or as heavy as a black tea. The caffeine level of an oolong tea depends on how oxidized the leaves are, so working out an average for all oolongs is very difficult. Oolong teas could fall anywhere between 12mg (like a green tea) and 20mg (like a black tea) per 100ml.
What About Decaf Tea and Coffee?
There’s a common misunderstanding when it comes to decaf drinks. They aren’t completely free from caffeine, they’ve simply got very low levels of caffeine. A decaf green tea usually contains about 2mg or 3mg of caffeine per 8oz, instead of the average 30mg.
There are 2 main ways that green tea can be decaffeinated. The first, the organic method, involves using a solvent like an ethyl acetate. This is a naturally occurring substance in fruits, so it’s generally considered a “natural” way to decaffeinate tea.
The other method is the Swiss water method, which uses carbon dioxide and pure water to remove the caffeine via osmosis. This method of decaffeinating green tea is better for the flavor, but the process makes the tea more expensive to buy.
Caffeine Contents in Your Favourite Green Tea Brands
Just like how each of our loose leaf green teas will have a different flavor profile and caffeine level, green teas from different brands will also vary. Find your favorite green tea brand in the chart below to compare. Just bear in mind that these are estimated figures, the exact amount of caffeine in mg will depend on how you prepare it and how long you brew it!
|Brand and Blend||Caffeine per 100ml||Caffeine per 8oz Mug|
|Teavana Jade Citrus Mint||10mg||25mg|
|Starbucks Matcha Latte||12mg||30mg|
We’ve pulled these figures from the tea brands themselves, but a study in The Journal of Food Science found that the caffeine levels can vary widely and completely different from what the brands estimate.
Our advice? Don’t get too bogged down with the numbers. Even a high-caffeine green tea is still low-caffeine compared to black tea and coffee. Don’t let the caffeine get in the way of enjoying the flavor!
Should You Worry About Caffeine?
Caffeine has both short term and long term effects on your body, some of which are good… others not so much. Generally, negative side effects are only prominent when you’re consuming a lot of coffee per day – over 200mg is considered to be too much by dieticians.
You also don’t need to worry too much about caffeine in green tea because green tea also contains many healthy components, including polyphenols, antioxidants, and amino acids. These can cancel out the effects caffeine has: read more about the specific health benefits and issues it can cause you in our green tea health benefits and side effects article.
Short Term Effects of Caffeine
Shortly after drinking a caffeinated drink (it takes up to an hour for the caffeine to reach maximum concentration in your body), you might experience these effects:
- Feeling alert, awake, sharp and productive (the main reason many people consume caffeine)
- Increased heart rate and increased blood pressure
- Muscle contractions (twitching)
- Less blood flow to the stomach (affecting your digestion)
- More sugar in your bloodstream, released by your liver.
Caffeine works by binding to your adenosine receptors. By binding and blocking these receptors, your brain receives less adenosine which is a chemical that makes you feel drowsy. This gives you that alert feeling as the less adenosine your brain gets, the more awake you’ll feel and the more your nerve cells are stimulated. This gives you that restless, motivated feeling.
What makes green tea so special is the addition of amino acid L-theanine. This naturally occurring chemical also affects your brain; it blocks some stimuli receptors in the brain and instead stimulates the GABA neurotransmitter. This will make you feel calm, relaxed and non-stressed.
Put simply, caffeine and L-theanine work together in green tea to help you feel wide awake yet focused and calm. You won’t feel as jittery as you’d usually get from caffeine drinks like coffee.
Long Term Effects of Caffeine
Within 24 hours, the effects of drinking caffeine will have worn off. With a low-caffeine drink like green tea, you can expect the effects to be gone even sooner. But there are long term effects of drinking caffeine every day, some good and some bad. Drinking a moderate amount of caffeine every day (3 to 5 cups of tea) could:
- Reduce your blood pressure marginally
- Possibly reduce your chances of brain diseases, such as dementia, and neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s
- Protect the cardiovascular system.
Those are all good health benefits that scientists suspect or have found evidence for. But drinking a moderate to large amount of caffeine per day (10 cups of green tea, or 5+ cups of coffee) can have negative effects:
- Increased anxiety, nervousness, and insomnia
- Stomach upset and diarrhea (when you consume a large amount too quickly)
- Tremors and an increased heart rate, putting a strain on your heart and blood vessels.
You’ll also get caffeine withdrawal if you consume a large amount of tea and then go “cold turkey”. Once caffeine is no longer blocking adenosine from reaching the receptors in your brain, you’ll get a flood of adenosine that your brain will feel very sensitive to. Symptoms of withdrawal include; drowsiness, depression, lethargy, headaches, and even nausea.
Who Shouldn’t Drink Caffeine?
It’s generally considered safe for most people to consume caffeine in small amounts – one cup of green tea contains a very low amount of caffeine and so is a perfect choice to get accustomed to the effects of caffeine!
The limit of a healthy daily amount of caffeine is generally around 200mg. You’d need to drink 8x 8oz mugs of green tea in one day to surpass that limit.
Those that should avoid caffeine are those that are extremely sensitive to it and children, as it has a more notable effect on children and can cause anxiety. If you’ve been advised by your doctor to avoid caffeine because of a heart condition, it would be wise to avoid it as much as possible even though it’s highly unlikely that the small amount of caffeine in a green tea will cause a heart attack.
What about pregnant women?
At this time, there’s no hard evidence that consuming caffeine will affect your baby when you consume it during pregnancy. Again, the advice both in the UK and the USA is to consume under 200mg of caffeine per day if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
More: Guide to Drinking Tea During Pregnancy
Did you know that you can reduce the caffeine at home instead of buying decaf green tea? Rinsing the tea leaves will reduce the caffeine content by around 20%.
To rinse your tea leaves, pour 80°C water over them, wait 10 seconds, then pour this water away. By discarding that first infusion, you’re extracting some of the caffeine and opening the tea leaves ready for the first drinkable infusion.
You can also reduce the caffeine by changing your brewing method. Brew your tea leaves at a lower temperature for a shorter time – this will reduce the caffeine levels that infuse into your tea, but it will also reduce the flavor and antioxidants that infuse too.
Reaching the End of The Tea Cup
Caffeine in green tea isn’t something you need to worry about. With the calming effects of L-theanine and the naturally low level of caffeine in most green teas, you won’t feel any adverse effects unless you drink it liter after liter!
Enjoy your green tea with calming peace of mind, knowing that the caffeine in your cup isn’t going to do you any harm.